For any sort of your wooden projects, you need a saw. In fact, you will need a variety of them depending on your projects. To meet your needs, there are different types of saws.
Professional or hobbyist, you must learn all about saw types to determine which one will serve your purpose most. In this in-depth article, I have discussed all types of saw. Hopefully, you will find yours in here too.
Most Common Saws Types For Wood & Metal Work
- Pole saw. Learn how to use a pole saw to cut tree limbs that are too high to cut.
- Hand saws.
- Hack Saw.
- Circular saw.
- Band saw.
- Chain saw.
- Crosscut saw.
- Rip-cut saw.
- And many others.
Let’s discuss them in detail now.
Major Types of Saws With Their Usages
- Pole Saw
When you need to trim or prune high tree branches, you need a pole saw. They are nothing like other common saws. All the pole saws are attached to the telescoping pole handles.
Remove the telescoping handles and the shaft to make it a regular saw. There are many types of pole saw as well. But the most common types are manual and electric pole saws, cordless and gas pole saws, and so on.
If you need to learn more about it, here is a detailed guide on pole saw.
- Hand Saws
The user provides the force to make it work. It is not powered by electricity or battery. Probably the most common and almost all households have it. If not for your home, you will need it for your garden.
Suitable for smaller jobs, not for any bigger task. Also, it takes a longer time to finish the task and you will be tiresome.
They are inexpensive and highly portable. You can carry it wherever you like. Takes a little space for storage as well.
- Scroll saw
With the foot pedaling system, it can cut your wood just like the way you want. When you need to draw spiral lines or you need any decorative works on your woodwork, this saw is your ultimate solution.
No matter how stylish the pattern you need, this will get it done.
- Bow Saw
With lots of crosscut teeth, the blade is really long. To cut logs, trim trees, or just pruning, bow saw comes in handy. It’s just another type of crosscut show and you use it outdoors only.
- Hack Saw
Another kind of hand saw. To cut metals, you must need a hack saw. Thanks to its thin blade. The length is usually 10 to 12 inches and this measurement depends largely on the brands.
Apart from metal, you can cut thick plastic too. The frame of it is C-shape. When you cut any materials, that frame secures the blade in its place. Usually, you will find 18 to 32 teeth per inch.
With its fine-toothed blade, it is specifically designed to cut metals. Nothing automatic. You have to manually push it. To cut any metal, you must push it back and forth through it.
When you need to cut big lumbers, you must use a chainsaw where the engine is either electronic or gasoline-powered. Not just big woods, you can cut the entire trees too. Of course, it’s handheld but it’s totally mechanical.
The moving chain has several teeth and as the chain rotates – the teeth cut the wood. With greater force and power, a chain saw slice through the woods.
There is an in-built clutch so that you can position the chain properly and it protects the engine from overheating. The clutch also protects you from the kickbacks of the engine.
Generally, these chainsaws use gasoline to run and that’s why they are insanely powerful. But it has some problems like smoke and so on. Another kind has an electric motor and they have greater power too.
- Circular Saw
Another electric saw and it is very popular. For building projects, you need the circular saw that requires a hands-on approach. Meaning, you have to manually push it to cut the material you want. Since they are handheld, they are lightweight too.
It is portable as well, that’s why most people like it a lot because they can take it anywhere they like. It has a round blade and it rotates because of its electronic motor when you cut anything.
Such circular saw come in a lot of verities. But the most common types are corded/cordless, sidewinder, and worm drive circular saw.
- Band Saw
Also known as the nimble saw. You can’t move it around when installed. That’s why they are called stationary power saw. You can cut different types of materials with the band saw. Thanks to its interchangeable blades.
When you must have your straight and curved cuts precise and accurate, you should use the band saw. You can have your jigsaw shape as well.
Just feed the long blade any material you want to cut. And you have to manually feed the materials. Some of the most popular band saws are meat and wood band saw, Horizontal/Vertical band saw. There is even a benchtop band saw as well.
Each jigsaw has an electric motor to power it up. With up to 45 degrees of beveling technique, it’s ideal to cut a variety of materials when you need flawless curves. That’s what has made it great to cut hard to reach areas.
When you need details woodwork and that has to precise, jigsaws play the most important role. Your material will determine the thickness of the jigsaw blade.
For harder materials, you need thicker blades. Such thicker blades can cut ceramic tile, metal, concrete, countertops, and carpet too.
- Miter Saw
The come with circular blades and very handy to make precise angled cuts. When the joints of your woodwork need perfect fitting, you need a miter saw.
The blade is usually made of carbon steel. Besides, the blade is coated for your better cutting experience. That’s what makes the long-lasting and convenient.
The good thing is you can swap the circular blade with the table saw. Yes, it’s electric and very safe to use.
- Table Saw
For any sort of tabletop woodcutting, you need a table saw. Set the piece of your wood on the table and push it towards the blade of the saw. And you cut the wood piece as per your need. Very convenient!
Using it is highly flexible too. You can adjust the depth of the blade as per your applications.
Notice, unlike other saw types, you don’t have to push the saw here. Instead, you will push the material towards it to get the job done.
- Wet-Tile Saws
To cut the tiles, you use the wet-tile saw. So, that’s what you need when you work on your floor. You can’t do any tiling works without it. Reliable and they are in use for a very long time.
- Rip-Cut Saw
If you have a wood parallel to the grain, you will be needing a rip-cut saw. In fact, most people own this who deals with wood all the time. It’s versatile and perfect for many jobs.
Unlike other types of saws like a crosscut saw, it as a few teeth but they are very sharp. When they work, the sharp teeth can remove chips of wood that will remind you a couple of chisels working together simultaneously.
- Crosscut Saw
Also known as bucking saw or felling saw. For even but rough woods, you need a crosscut saw. With its beveled teeth and thick blade, it’s highly effective to cut rough woods.
The 1-man crosscut saw is the somewhat conventional type and you may probably have it if you are a DIY enthusiast. You mainly use it to cut rough lumber or trim branches.
But only the professional use the 2-man crosscut saws where two people are required to operate it.
Whereas most common saws have tiny teeth, it has larger teeth in comparison with them. The blade is thicker than most traditional saws as well.
You may know it as reciprocating saws. They are very tiny in size and normally used for metal or woodwork. With the back and forth motion of the saw, it can cut both woods and metals.
There are several types of them as well as a portable reciprocating saw, Corded or Cordless reciprocating saw.
- Fret Saw
It may look like a coping saw, but the blade is long and really thin. For most intricate cuts on your projects, you need the fret saw. But let me assure you, it’s a tough job since you can’t rotate the blade.
Sometimes, cutting from the outer edges is difficult. Since the fret saw has a long and large frame, it can cut in these situations.
- Veneer Saw
As the name suggests, you need it for your veneer work. The specialized saw has a double-edged short blade and in each inch, there are 13 teeth! So, for precise veneer work, they are second to none.
Apart from whatever I have discussed so far, there are other different types of saws. In the near future, I will add more and more saw types in this article for sure.
Let me know your thoughts in the comment box below.